Cancer at the base of the tongue is usually diagnosed at an advanced stage, when the tumor is larger and the cancer has spread into the lymph nodes in the neck.
Where does tongue cancer spread to?
If the tumor is large, it may have spread to lymph nodes in the neck. When this occurs the surgeon may recommend removal of the affected lymph nodes in the neck. Most small cancers of the oral tongue leave little cosmetic or functional changes after they are removed.
Does tongue cancer spread quickly? Most oral cancers are a type called squamous cell carcinoma. These cancers tend to spread quickly. Smoking and other tobacco use are linked to most cases of oral cancer. Heavy alcohol use also increases the risk for oral cancer.
Is base of tongue cancer curable?
Tongue cancer is highly curable when it is detected early, but it can be life-threatening if not diagnosed and treated early. Over time, it may spread to other sites in the mouth, other areas of the head and neck, or other parts of the body.
Is base of tongue cancer rare?
Oral cancers are relatively rare, representing only about three percent of all cancers.
Can you talk after tongue cancer?
Cancer on your tongue, for example, can make it harder to make “l” and “r” sounds. If you have a growth on the roof of your mouth, your voice may sound different. You could lose your voice. A speech and language therapist can help you speak more clearly.
What is the life expectancy of someone with tongue cancer?
|5-Year Relative Survival Rate
|All SEER stages combined
How do they remove tongue cancer?
Approaches used during tongue cancer surgery may include: Transoral surgery. At Mayo Clinic, surgeons remove most tongue cancer through the mouth (transoral surgery). To remove the cancer, doctors may use cutting tools or lasers during surgery.
What does tongue cancer feel like?
Cancer on the tongue first appears as a pinkish-red lump or sore on the sides of tongue margins. It may be numb or firm to feel and doesn’t fade away over time. The characteristics of these lumps include: They may look like a patch or a lump or look like an ulcer.
How do you check for tongue cancer at home?
- Use a mirror and a bright light.
- Remove dentures.
- Look and feel lips and front of gums. …
- Tilt your head back and inspect the roof of your mouth.
- Pull your cheek out to see the inside surface and gums in the rear.
- Pull out your tongue and look at all surfaces.
How aggressive is tongue cancer?
Squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue, also known as oral tongue cancer, is an aggressive form of cancer that generally affects older people. Patients with the disease often find it difficult to eat, swallow food, or speak.
What are the chances of tongue cancer coming back?
The recurrence rate was 32.7%. The recurrence time ranged from 2 to 96 months, with a median of 14 months. Univariate analysis showed that T stage, degree of differentiation, pN stage, flap application, resection margin, and lymphovascular invasion were factors of recurrence (P < 0.05).
What causes base of tongue cancer?
Causes and Risk Factors of Base of Tongue Cancer Infection with human papillomavirus, a sexually transmitted virus. Tobacco use. Heavy alcohol use. Use of betel nuts, which are commonly chewed as a stimulant by people in Asia.
How long can you live with untreated tongue cancer?
The Outlook For People With Untreated Oral Cancers The survival rate among people with early-stage untreated mouth cancer is around 30% for five years, whereas the rate gets reduced to 12% for people with Stage 4 untreated mouth cancer.
What color is tongue cancer?
One of the first signs of tongue cancer is a lump or sore on the side of your tongue that doesn’t go away. It may be pinkish-red in color. Sometimes the sore will bleed if you touch or bite it.
Where does mouth cancer usually start?
Mouth cancers most commonly begin in the flat, thin cells (squamous cells) that line your lips and the inside of your mouth.