What was the main purpose of Chief Joseph’s speech?

Chief Joseph speaks formally to the U.S. leaders, reminding them of General Howard’s terms for surrender by saying he has kept them “in his heart.” Although he is the one surrendering, by beginning his speech this way he emphasizes the responsibilities the victors have to fulfill their promises.

What did Chief Joseph want?

Chief Joseph knew his small tribe of 800 people and 200 warriors were no match for the United States army. In order to save his people he began a retreat. He hoped to make it to Canada where he would meet up with the Sioux tribe of Sitting Bull.

What is Chief Joseph speech? “Hear me, my chiefs! I am tired. My heart is sick and sad. From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever.” On October 5, 1877, Chief Joseph spoke these words during his surrender in the Bear Paw Mountains of Montana.

Why did Chief Joseph died of a broken heart?

A Broken Heart On September 21, 1904, as he lay dying of an undiagnosed illness, he asked his wife to get his headdress because “I wish to die as a chief” (Nerburn).

Why did Chief Joseph choose to surrender?

Chief Joseph’s surrender to General Nelson A. Miles, October 5, 1877. … As they began their journey to Idaho, Chief Joseph learned that a group of Nez Percé men, enraged at the loss of their homeland, had killed some white settlers in the Salmon River area. Fearing U.S. Army retaliation, the chief began a retreat.

Where did Chief Joseph give his surrender speech?

Here is the text of Chief Joseph’s surrender speech at the Bear Paw Mountains battleground in Montana on Oct. 5, 1877: “Tell General Howard I know his heart.

What was Joseph final sentence of his famous surrender speech?

On October 5, 1877, his speech, as he surrendered to General Howard, immortalized him in American history forever: “I am tired of fighting. Our chiefs are killed. … The old men are all dead.

How does Chief Joseph define freedom?

Let me be a free man, free to travel, free to stop, free to work, free to trade where I choose, free to choose my own teachers, free to follow the religion of my fathers, free to talk, think, and act for myself.”

How old is Chief Joseph?

On September 21, 1904, the Nez Perce leader Chief Joseph dies on the Colville reservation in northern Washington at the age of 64.

Are the Nez Perce still around?

Today, the Nez Perce Tribe is a federally recognized tribal nation with more than 3,500 citizens.

What tribe did Chief Joseph lead?

The Nez Percé tribe was one of the most powerful in the Pacific Northwest and in the first half of the 19th century one of the most friendly to whites. Many Nez Percé, including Chief Joseph’s father, were converted to Christianity and Chief Joseph was educated in a mission school.

Why was the retreat Chief Joseph led so impressive?

Chief Joseph understood there would be brutal repercussions and in an effort to avoid defeat, and most likely his own death, he led his people on what is now widely considered one of the most remarkable retreats in military history.

Did any Nez Perce make it to Canada?

Flight of the Nez Perce On May 31st, led by Chief Joseph, the Nez Perce began what would eventually become a 1,170-mile (1,883 km) flight for freedom to Canada, only to be stopped 40 miles (64 km) short of the border in the Bear Paw Mountains of Montana.

What are the central ideas of Chief Joseph speech?

What is the central idea of Chief Joseph’s speech? To reduce conflict, white Americans need to correct their misunderstandings of American Indians.

What happened when the Nez Perce resisted relocation text to speech?

What happened when the Nez Perce resisted relocation? They were forced to surrender and moved to a reservation.

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