What is endocrine system parts and functions?

  • Hypothalamus. The hypothalamus is located at the base of the brain, near the optic chiasm where the optic nerves behind each eye cross and meet. …
  • Pineal body. …
  • Pituitary. …
  • Thyroid and parathyroid. …
  • Thymus. …
  • Adrenal gland. …
  • Pancreas. …
  • Ovary.

What are the parts of endocrine system?

  • Hypothalamus. The hypothalamus is located at the base of the brain, near the optic chiasm where the optic nerves behind each eye cross and meet. …
  • Pineal body. …
  • Pituitary. …
  • Thyroid and parathyroid. …
  • Thymus. …
  • Adrenal gland. …
  • Pancreas. …
  • Ovary.

What are the 5 main functions of the endocrine system?

  • Metabolism (the way you break down food and get energy from nutrients).
  • Growth and development.
  • Emotions and mood.
  • Fertility and sexual function.
  • Sleep.
  • Blood pressure.

What are the function of the endocrine system?

The endocrine system, made up of all the body’s different hormones, regulates all biological processes in the body from conception through adulthood and into old age, including the development of the brain and nervous system, the growth and function of the reproductive system, as well as the metabolism and blood sugar …

What are the 6 functions of the endocrine system?

  • metabolism.
  • growth and development.
  • sexual function and reproduction.
  • heart rate.
  • blood pressure.
  • appetite.
  • sleeping and waking cycles.
  • body temperature.

What are five 5 organs of the endocrine system?

  • hypothalamus.
  • pituitary.
  • thyroid.
  • parathyroids.
  • adrenals.
  • pineal body.
  • the ovaries.
  • the testes.

What are the 7 hormones?

The anterior pituitary produces seven hormones. These are the growth hormone (GH), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), beta endorphin, and prolactin.

What 3 diseases can affect the endocrine system?

  • Acromegaly.
  • Adrenal Insufficiency & Addison’s Disease.
  • Cushing’s Syndrome.
  • Cystic Fibrosis link.
  • Graves’ Disease.
  • Hashimoto’s Disease.

What are 5 interesting facts about the endocrine system?

  • The endocrine system. …
  • Traditional Chinese healers practiced endocrinology more than 2,000 years ago. …
  • The endocrine system is sometimes at fault for osteoporosis. …
  • The term “hormone” is only about a century old. …
  • Not all hormones come from the endocrine system.

What is the main structure of the endocrine system?

Many glands make up the endocrine system. The hypothalamus, pituitary gland, and pineal gland are in your brain. The thyroid and parathyroid glands are in your neck. The thymus is between your lungs, the adrenals are on top of your kidneys, and the pancreas is behind your stomach.

What diseases are associated with the endocrine system?

Common endocrine disorders include diabetes mellitus, acromegaly (overproduction of growth hormone), Addison’s disease (decreased production of hormones by the adrenal glands), Cushing’s syndrome (high cortisol levels for extended periods of time), Graves’ disease (type of hyperthyroidism resulting in excessive thyroid …

What are the 5 types of hormones?

  • Insulin. The fat-storage hormone, insulin, is released by your pancreas and regulates many of your metabolic processes. …
  • Melatonin. …
  • Estrogen. …
  • Testosterone. …
  • Cortisol.

What are the 50 hormones?

  • Gland. Adrenal Glands. The adrenal gland produces androgen and cortisol. …
  • Hormone. Adrenaline. …
  • Hormone. Adrenocorticotropic Hormone (ACTH) …
  • Hormone. Aldosterone. …
  • Hormone. Angiotensin. …
  • Hormone. Anti-Müllerian Hormone (AMH) …
  • Hormone. Calcitonin. …
  • Hormone. Cholecystokinin.

How many endocrine glands do we have in our body?

The endocrine system is made up of the endocrine glands that secrete hormones. Although there are eight major endocrine glands scattered throughout the body, they are still considered to be one system because they have similar functions, similar mechanisms of influence, and many important interrelationships.

What are the common endocrine glands of male and female?

The gonads are additional types of endocrine glands. They are the sex organs and include the male testes and female ovaries. Their main role is the production of steroid hormones.

What is the difference between exocrine and endocrine functions?

Two principal types of glands exist: exocrine and endocrine. The key difference between the two types is that, whereas exocrine glands secrete substances into a ductal system to an epithelial surface, endocrine glands secrete products directly into the bloodstream [1].

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