Iron-deficieny results in an increase in the sedimentation rate. The sedimentation rate for the individual suffering an MI is increased but is normal for the individual with angina. Elevated ESR can be indicative of an MI event. The hemoglobin levels for the female Olympic athlete were higher than the healthy female.
Similarly, you may ask, how does anemia affect sedimentation rate?
Anemia and macrocytosis increase the ESR. In anemia, with the hematocrit reduced, the velocity of the upward flow of plasma is altered so that red blood cell aggregates fall faster. In patients with polycythemia, too many red blood cells decrease the compactness of the rouleaux network and artifactually lower the ESR.
Likewise, what causes increased sedimentation rate? High sedimentation rates may be caused by:
- Autoimmune diseases, such as systemic lupus erythematosus or rheumatoid arthritis.
- Cancer, such as lymphoma or multiple myeloma.
- Chronic kidney disease.
- Infection, such as pneumonia, pelvic inflammatory disease, or appendicitis.
In this regard, is ESR elevated in iron deficiency anemia?
ESR may be helpful in the diagnosis of coexisting iron deficiency in patients with the anemia of chronic disease. A value less than 15 ng/mL usually indicates iron deficiency. However, ferritin is an acute phase reactant and levels can rise above 15 ng/mL in patients with iron deficiency and inflammation.
What does a low ESR indicate?
A low ESR is usually not a problem. However, your ESR may be lower than normal if you have: A disease or condition that increases red blood cell production. A disease or condition that increases white blood cell production.