Rules of thumb commonly used by designers to establish the geometry of the wall include (refer to diagram): Base width = 1/2 to 1/3 of the height of the wall. Base thickness = 1/8 of the height of the wall but not less than 12 inches. Stem thickness = 6 inches + ¼ inch for each foot of wall height.
How thick should my retaining wall be?
Retaining walls can be tricky to build as they need to be strong enough to resist horizontal soil pressure where there are differing ground levels. One of the things you must get right is the thickness of the wall. It should be at least 215mm thick and bonded or made of two separate brick skins tied together.
What is the minimum width of a retaining wall? The width of the foundation should be twice that of the width of the wall you are building and the wall should be placed in the centre of the foundation. If you need to build a wall 225mm wide the foundation should be 450mm wide. This will give you a foundation overlap of 112mm either side of the finished wall.
What is the thinnest retaining wall?
Sheet piling is the thinnest retaining wall. However, they can still support a significant amount of weight because they typically consist of steel or reinforced concrete.
Can I use 4×4 for retaining wall?
Yes. Rock or concrete will make the wall much more stable and less likely to topple. … Any farther apart and you run the risk of the retained material bowing out the wall.
Do I need a structural engineer for retaining wall?
Retaining walls greater than 1m high should be designed by a civil or structural engineer who is familiar with site and ground conditions.
Does retaining wall need rebar?
A retaining wall must provide a way to release the water that builds up in the slope behind it. … Retaining walls must be stronger than freestanding walls. Insert rebar in the footing when you pour it; this should be done at every three blocks or at intervals specified by your local codes.
What is the strongest type of retaining wall?
Poured concrete is the strongest and most durable choice for retaining walls. It may also be carved and formed to look like mortared stone depending on your taste.
Do I need a concrete footing for a retaining wall?
No, you do not need a concrete footing, it will actually adhere the wall from being able to naturally shift. It is best to use a coarse stone aggregate for the Retaining Wall footing.
How close to a boundary can you build a retaining wall?
There must be a minimum distance of 900mm from each boundary, the wall must be at minimum of 1m from a registered easement or sewer/water main.
What is the easiest retaining wall to build?
For the average do-it-yourselfer, building a retaining wall is easiest when using masonry blocks that will be stacked no taller than three feet, with no mortar binding the stones or concrete members.
What can I use instead of a retaining wall?
- Reinforced Soil Slopes. Reinforced soil slopes are a quick and easy construction style that uses a geotextile, such as polyethylene or polypropylene, to lock existing soil into place to create a reinforced mass. …
- Natural Stone Walls. …
- Wooden Timbers. …
- Gabion Walls. …
- Soil Bioengineered Walls.
How long do retaining walls last?
How long will my retaining wall last? For a permanent wall structure, the general lifespan is generally between 50 and 100 years. This does, however, depend on the conditions of the soil and groundwater at your site.
Can I use 2×6 for retaining wall?
You’ll need two linear feet of 2×6 for each square foot of wall surface area. … so the splices will land behind the 4-ft. spaced posts. You can use 8-ft., 12-ft. or even 16-ft.
How many deadmans are needed for a retaining wall?
Install one dead man every 6 to 8 feet around the entire wall. Continue building up the retaining wall, using landscaping screws to secure each timber. Cover the ground in front of the retaining wall with 2 to 4 inches of bark mulch.
How do you fasten a 4×4 to the ground?
Secure the timber border to the ground with rebar, if desired. Drill 3/8-inch holes through the centers of the timbers, spacing the holes about 4 feet apart. Pin the timbers to the soil with 12-inch lengths of #3 (3/8-inch-diameter) rebar driven with a hand sledge.